Composting refers to the natural process of breaking down organic waste (such as food waste, manure, leaves, and grass clippings) into a rich soil-like medium (or humus-like medium) to grow plants.
It is possible to compost at home to create a medium to be used for plants in the garden or pots on balconies, instead of buying chemical fertilizers.
Composting at home:
- Select a dry, shady spot or a bin.
- Add grass clippings and wood chips.
- Add fruit and vegetable waste.
- Regularly mix and add water.
- This usually takes anywhere between two months to two years.
Some of the advantages of composting:
- Reduce or eliminate the need for chemical fertilizers.
- Promote higher yields of agricultural crops.
- Cost-effectively remediate soils contaminated by hazardous waste.
- Reduce municipal landfill life by diverting organic materials from landfills.