One of the largest continuous body of sand located in the Arabian Peninsula, stretching from the Yemeni border to the Arabian Gulf and from Oman to Jordan and Iraq.
This xeric shrublands is a desert ecorgion characterized by a continuous presence of sand, holds little biodiversity, and is absent of seasonal precipitation where records showed more than 12 consecutive rain-free months.
This ecoregion has three landscape features, these features are easily perceived on a satellite image of the area.
- A corridor of sandy terrain known as the ad-Dahna desert that connects the large an-Nafud desert in the north of Saudi Arabia to the Rub’al-Khali in the south.
- The Tuwayq escarpment of limestone cliffs, plateaus and canyons with peculiar shapes etched by the wind and sand on the high cliffs.
- The Wahiba sands of Oman that forms an isolated sand sea bordering the east coast.
The natural beauty of the sand desert is striking with its reddish dunes, sculptured by the wind and stretching as far as the eye can see to the horizon.
Unfortunately this ecorgion has been experiencing some biodiversity threats due to wildlife poaching, overgrazing and damage of wild vegetation. For example the extinction of the Oryx and jackal in UAE. However in recent years some wildlife protection initiatives is taking place such as the National Commissions for Wildlife Conservation Development in Saudi Arabia, and the Royal society for the Conservation of Nature in Jordan.
For more information please visit: http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/pa1303