As part of our research on Beirut River we organized a site visit in the different areas where the river flows.
The visit began at Daychounieh dam located at the upper basin of the river, characterized as a peri-urban region; and ended in the urban area of Bourj Hammoud.
Daychounieh area has different interesting elements and worth a visit, if you haven’t been in this area, located in the valley between Mansourieh and Hazmieh. Two elements to highlight:
- The Roman Aqueduct: during the Roman period, Beirut city received itswater from Beirut River through a system of aqueducts that remained functional until the ottoman period. A portion of these aqueducts still stand on each side of the valley as seen in the images below.
- Daychounieh Dam: the dam was built in the 1930s during the French mandate in an attempt to improve irrigation in the adjacent lands of the river. However a year after the dam was operational, the sediments filled its storage capacity, ruining the efficiency of the structure. The dam hasn’t been used ever since.
Reference: Sandra Frem 2009